Setting up a limited company with one person

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A limited company in the UK may be registered with the Companies House by a single person. At least one director and one member must be identified, i.e. the shareholder or guarantor. In both these positions, the same individual may be listed. With the help of one person, you can create your limited company.

It will be beneficial for many small business owners who want to work alone or have no need for a business partner. Moreover, the limited company structure is flexible, that means additional members and directors can join the business at any time after the company formation.

Almost anyone can set up a limited company in the United Kingdom if their age is at least 16 years old and not a disqualified director or undischarged bankrupt. You are not required to be a resident of the United Kingdom to form a limited company.

Requirements for company formation

All limited companies should provide a registered office address at the time of incorporation. This address will become the official address of your new company, and it should be located in the same jurisdiction in which you are deciding to incorporate.

All correspondence from Companies House, HMRC and other government agencies will be sent to your registered office address, therefore it should be a real address, where mail can be received, i.e. not a PO Box.

The information of this address will be published on the website of Companies House as a matter of public record, and all your statutory company records should be made available at this location for public inspection.

Using an authorized company formation agent is the easiest way to register a limited company, but you can apply independently as well. Your application will require you to provide the following details:

  • Name of the company
  • Registered office address
  • The nature of business activities or operations (in the form of 1-4 SIC codes)
  • Members’ details, including service addresses.
  • Directors’ details, including service addresses.
  • Company employee’s details should be controlled in a significant manner.
  • Articles of association and memorandum.

Companies House approval may take as little as 3 to 6 working hours if you set up a company through an agent, but it may take a little longer if you apply individually.

You can start to trade under your company, once it is registered and a certificate of incorporation is ordered.

Sole trader or limited company

You must consider the benefits and drawbacks of registering as a limited company as opposed to operating as a sole trader. The key benefits of trading as a limited company are limited liability and tax planning; moreover, there are multiple benefits and drawbacks of both choices.

You may speak to a company formation agent or an accountant to get professional advice before making a choice.

If you decide to set up a limited company, you can contact RTRSupports Limited. RTRSupports Limited offers a range of affordable company formation packages including various additional services, like a registered office address and VAT registration.

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